In the testing process there is a ‘Bug Tracking’ term
known as “Priority” and “Severity”. This
term is used while fixing the bug.
In testing process the priority means how fast
this bug needs to get fixed, the high severity bugs are marked as high priority
and should be resolved as soon as possible.
When a bug is marked as High priority it shows
how much it has a bad effect on the system. This status is set by the tester to declare
the time frame in which it should get fixed at the earliest.
severity can be divided into four categories:
Category 4: Show
– Not able to continue the test.
Category 3: Major Defect
– Major functionality not working but able to test application.
Category 2: Minor Defect
–Bug in Functionality.
Category 1: Cosmetic issue
–The look and feel issue.
Her I am discussing few
levels of Priority & Severity from High to Low:
High Priority & High Severity:
show stopper bugs comes under this category it means due to this bug the test
cannot be proceed to next level. Example: Here is an example of High Priority
& High Severity i.e. when a tester trying to login to the system and got a ‘Runtime
error’ so he will not able to test the rest of the functionality of the
High Priority & Low Severity:
This can be explained as on the client
website tester found a spelling mistake in client’s company name or a wrong grammatical
phrase. So it may not be a functionality braking bug but surely it is bad for
the client company reputation. So this will be at high priority to get it
Low Priority & High Severity:
clients application the quarterly statement is not generating but the user is entered
in quarter this month only so it can be said that the bug is High severity but
occurring in quarterly report so we have time to get it fix because next quarterly
report will be print at end of this quarter, so the priority can be marked as
low to get it fix.
Low Priority & Low Severity:
category the spelling mistake and confirmation messages are not written
properly or any image. These types of defects fall under this category.